The Settlement Wave during the Intifada
5743 - 5752 (1983 – 1992):  The Settlement Wave during the Intifada
The settlement wave in the strip continued through the mid 1980's. In 1983, Moshav Morag, the southernmost community of all Gush Katif villages received formal recognition as a religious farming cooperative belonging to the Hapoel Mizrachi cooperative union.  
Rafah Yam, the most western community in the State of Israel, was also founded in 1984 as a mixed community.  In late 1991, the residents moved into their new homes in the permanent location.  The community comprised of privately owned sewing workshops that sold their products to the leading fashion chains in Israel and some freelancers.
That same year, Netzarim became a formal community for the second time by the Religious Kibbutz Movement.  The kibbutz was dismantled after a few years and the members founded a municipal community in its place.  The community had a religious character and integrated educators, farmers and freelancers.  
In 1986, Moshav Bdolach was founded by the next generation of Negev communities in the south and Lakish and Sharon communities as part of Hapoel Mizrachi cooperative union.  The community had a religious character in the spirit of Beni Akiva's "Torah and labor."  Bdolach consisted of about 50 families, and most members worked in advanced greenhouse agriculture (peppers, tomatoes, greens without pests..) for export and for the local market.
Between the years 1976-1987, the golden era of Gush Katif, it grew from one formal community to 14 formal communities.  The Gush developed during those years mainly because young couples and singles wanted to move to an exotic area and less for security reasons.  Settling in Gush Katif continued to flourish and prosper even during the difficult times of the Oslo Agreement, the autonomy and the first and second Intifadas. 
In December 1987, the first Intifada broke out, creating an entirely new reality in Gush Katif.  New hardship, like never before, became part of the residents' daily life.  Every morning, the council had to decide whether or not to send the children to school, while risking their lives the massive stoning attacks.  The most difficult dilemma was in absorption and population.  Who would want to come and live in place that made the headlines for stoning, Molotov cocktails, violence and injuries?  That was the main battle.  The only solace amidst these stressful events was the continued construction and absorption.  On the 20 of Tamuz 5748 (1988), the first 20 families of Elei Sinai moved to their permanent residence, after six years of living in caravans.  That same day, the new neighborhood in Neve Dkalim was also inaugurated. 
In 5749 (1989), the Pe'at Sadeh community struck roots on the Slav IDF base.  In 5753 (1993), the community moved to its permanent residence on a hill overlooking the magnificent shoreline.  The community consisted of 20 families (110 residents among them 70 children).  Most of the residents worked in agriculture and some were freelancers.  It was a mixed community of secular, traditional and religious members who lived together harmoniously. 
On October 5750 (1989), during Sukkot, Kfar Darom was formally inhabited for the third time, this time by the "Tsofiah" group, who founded a religious community in Kfar Darom. The Institute for Torah and the Land of Israel operated there, researching and applying the "mitzvoth hateluyot ba'aretz" (land-related commandments) both halachically and scientifically, and educating and informing the public about these topics.  
On the month of Iyar 5750, May 1990, the community of Dugit was established on the northern shore of the Gaza region.  The initial group consisted of three families who decided to make their life by the sea.  The name of the community reflects its unique character – "Dugit" is a small canoe or fishing boat.  The community belonged to the Amana Movement and comprised of some 20 families (about 70 people).  The residents' main occupation was the sea and everything relating to it:  Life-saving services, fish pools, marine agriculture, tourism, fish restaurants and more.  The vision of the residents was to make progress in that direction and create a unique tourism and fishing resort.

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